The term “English” originates from the Old English word “Englisc,” which refers to the language of the Angles, one of the Germanic tribes that settled in England. Here’s a detailed chronological breakdown:

1. Proto-Indo-European (PIE)

The PIE root “*ang-” means “narrow” or “tight,” which is the root for the name of the Angles.

2. Proto-Germanic

From the PIE root, the Proto-Germanic term “*Angliz” developed, referring to the Angles.

3. Old English (c. 5th to 11th century CE)

The term “Englisc” emerged, used to describe the language spoken by the Angles and the early inhabitants of what is now England.

4. Middle English (c. 11th to 15th century CE)

“Englisc” evolved into “English” during the Middle English period, reflecting changes in pronunciation and spelling.

5. Modern English (from 15th century CE to present)

The term “English” continued to evolve into its current form, referring to the language spoken by the people of England and, by extension, the global language that it has become.

The word “English” reflects the language’s historical development, originating from the Angles and evolving through centuries of linguistic changes to become a major global language today.