The term “establish” is derived from the Old French word “establiss,” which is the past participle of “establir,” meaning “to set up” or “to fix.”


1. Old French

  • Word: establir
  • Meaning: To set up, to fix

2. Middle English (c. 12th to 15th century CE)

  • Term: establishen
  • Meaning:
  • To set up or found something, such as an institution, system, or practice.
  • To bring into being or initiate officially.
  • Derived from: Old French establir

3. Modern English (from 15th century CE to present)

  • Term: Establish
  • Meaning:
  • To set up or create something, especially an institution, system, or practice, with authority or permanence.
  • To introduce or enact officially.
  • To prove or demonstrate the truth or validity of something.


The word “establish” comes from the Old French “establir,” meaning “to set up” or “to fix.” In Middle English, it referred to setting up or founding something, bringing it into being or initiating it officially. In Modern English, it continues to denote setting up or creating something with authority or permanence, introducing or enacting something officially, and proving or demonstrating the truth or validity of something.